The Center for Preventive Action provided an accessible overview of Afghan peace negotiations, including the U.S.-Taliban agreement, the U.S. Afghan government`s joint statement, and the ongoing internal process. After lengthy negotiations, the U.S.-Taliban agreement and the Afghan U.S. government`s joint statement were signed in February 2020. These agreements were seen as necessary and important first steps towards inter-Afghan negotiations — and thus towards achieving peace in Afghanistan — but they do not guarantee that inter-Afghan negotiations will be successful. However, despite initial disagreements over the prisoner exchange and the Taliban`s relentless attacks on Afghan government forces, the Taliban and the Afghan government began discussing a timing and venue for intra-Afghan talks. In March 2020, the Afghan government appointed a twenty-one negotiating team for the talks, consisting of “politicians, former officials and representatives of civil society,” including five women. The Afghan government eventually agreed to the first release of 1,500 prisoners and negotiated the release of more prisoners in an ongoing trial. However, these recent peace efforts in Afghanistan will be difficult to implement, given the uncertainty surrounding the U.S. timetable for troop withdrawal and the lifting of sanctions against the Taliban, concerns about the future of counterterrorism operations under these agreements, and the apparent resurgence of the Taliban last year. It consists of two parts; The Taliban agree that “Afghan soil is not being used against the security of the United States and its allies” and the United States accepts the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan.
The signing of the agreement continued with a 7-day “reduction in violence,” a term used instead of a “ceasefire,” a term the Taliban rejected, in part because a “ceasefire” suggested an end to hostilities to which the Taliban were unwilling to engage. There are, however, a number of pitfalls that may prevent the full implementation of the agreement. . . .