International Water Sharing Agreements

AQUASTAT (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization`s Water and Agriculture Information System). Indus Basin Water Report 37 (2011). Strategies for monitoring and assessing cross-border rivers, lakes and groundwater[- 1.38 MB] UN Economic Commission for Europe (UN-EEC). 2006 This publication outlines the main principles and approaches for the monitoring and assessment of cross-border rivers and outlines strategies for monitoring and evaluating these rivers. It focuses on policy and policy decision-makers and sets the ground rules for water managers involved in the establishment and implementation of cooperation between or responsible coastal countries, as well as representatives of common bodies. The publication presents the main legal, administrative and financial aspects of monitoring and evaluation and examines constraints and opportunities for cooperation. It builds on the experience of implementing pilot projects on cross-border rivers under the 1992 UN-EEC Convention on the Protection and Use of International Rivers and Lakes (Water Convention) and proposes progressive approaches that take into account available human and financial resources, particularly in transition countries. In the Jordan Basin, the water regime dominates the water regime. In the 1994 peace agreement, both provisions were introduced to alleviate water shortages. While the agreement provides for fixed amounts of water, unlike a more flexible strategy, it includes other alternative and innovative resource-sharing opportunities. These include clauses indicating strategic cooperation in desalination and wastewater recovery; exchange of diversions to Jordan from Lake Kineret in northern Israel for the same amount of groundwater pumped by Israel into the Arava Valley; Joint projects to find new water sources during drought years; and permanent deliveries to meet the needs of both parties in dry periods.

Gleick, P. H. How much water is there and who is it? In: The World`s Water 2000-2001: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources (Island Press, Washington, DC, 2000). Worldwide, nearly 60% of total freshwater resources come from transboudular river basins.1 It is estimated that 40% of these basins are subject to some kind of basin agreement, 3,4,5,6 Cross-border water resource management: the role of international navigation agreements in the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity [ – 924 KB] Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD). 2008 This paper explains why biodiversity conservation and sustainable use are a strong argument for better management of cross-border waters, how to improve the legal framework to achieve this goal, and why this is consistent with the obligations of the Convention on Biological Diversity.