On 22 February 2017, the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean (UpM) and the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) signed a multi-year funding agreement of 6.5 million euros to support the UfM`s activities for more sustainable and inclusive development in the region.  The Barcelona Process is a unique and ambitious initiative that has laid the groundwork for a new regional partnership that is a turning point in Euro-Mediterranean relations. The foreign ministers of the EU and the twelve countries of the southern and eastern Mediterranean held the first Euro-Mediterranean conference in Barcelona in 1995 and signed an agreement to launch the Euro-Mediterranean partnership process. The Barcelona process was born as a new framework for dialogue of the vocation to transform the Mediterranean into a common space for peace, stability, security and common socio-economic progress and dialogue between peoples. By these facts, not only have European politicians never attempted to share with their citizens the truth of the Barcelona Agreement, which was concluded behind closed doors, but all the groups and citizens who criticise this situation have been described as xenophobic and Islamophobic. The situation is getting worse by the day and is now a problem for Europeans. By its seriousness, the Arab-Israeli conflict is the one that most affects the Union for the Mediterranean.  Following an armed conflict between Israel and Gaza from December 2008 to January 2009, the Arab group refused to meet at a high level, thus blocking all ministerial meetings scheduled for the first half of 2009.  The refusal of Arab foreign ministers to meet with their Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman also led to the cancellation of two ministerial meetings on foreign affairs in November 2009 and June 2010.  The sectoral meetings of the Union for the Mediterranean have also been affected by Israel`s treatment of the populations affected by the Israeli population under its control. At the Euro-Mediterranean Water Ministerial Meeting in Barcelona in April 2010, the water strategy was not approved, as it was a terminology disagreement over whether the territories claimed by Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese as “occupied territories” or “occupied territories” should be described as “occupied territories” or “under occupation”.
 Two other ministerial meetings on higher education and agriculture had to be cancelled due to the same disparity.  At the time of the Paris summit, France – which was responsible for the EU presidency – and Egypt co-chaired. Since then, France has signed agreements with the various presidencies of the EU`s Red Government (Czech Republic, Sweden and Spain) in order to maintain Egypt`s co-presidency.  The renewal of the co-presidency should take place at the second summit of the Union for the Mediterranean. However, due to the two postponements of the summit, it was not possible to decide which countries will take on thecopiation. The Barcelona Declaration, an agreement between the Member States of the European Union and some Mediterranean countries, allows the inhabitants of the countries to live in these countries without having to integrate. As a result, they eroded the history and culture of the former.